Exploring Career Opportunities After Completing 12th Science (PCM)
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Exploring Career Opportunities After Completing 12th Science (PCM)

The period following senior secondary education marks a crucial juncture for students as they navigate towards choosing their career paths. With a science background in physics, chemistry, and mathematics (PCM), numerous avenues open up, ranging from merchant navy to animation. This article delves into various career options post completing 12th science (PCM), shedding light on their respective primary duties, suggesting courses for further studies, and offering tips for making informed career decisions.

Career Options After 12th Science (PCM)

After completing 12th with PCM, students are equipped with a foundation in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and optionally, biology or computer science.

This diverse skill set opens up opportunities in technology, healthcare, multimedia, and infrastructure planning. Some prominent career paths include:


Primary Duties: Pharmacists research, produce, and monitor the quality of drugs. They may also work in pharmacies or as professors in colleges.

Chemical Engineer

Primary Duties: Chemical engineers primarily work to turn raw materials into products by processing natural and artificial chemicals. They research and experiment to create efficient materials used in various sectors such as fuel, drugs, food, healthcare, and agriculture.

Product Designer

Primary Duties: Product designers analyze trends and consumer needs to design products. They oversee product quality, select raw materials, and define manufacturing processes.

Aeronautical Engineer

Primary Duties: Aeronautical engineers study, design, and manufacture commercial or military aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. They research and develop new technologies to improve aviation, space exploration, and defense systems.

Environmental Engineer

Primary Duties: Environmental engineers design technology to preserve the environment, focusing on controlling air pollution, reducing radiation waste, managing hazardous waste, and improving public health.


Primary Duties: Animators use computer software to create two and three-dimensional sequences for advertising, films, and other media. They collaborate with creators to develop characters and landscapes.


Primary Duties: Architects design structures such as buildings, stadiums, and malls. They assess landscapes, environmental impacts, and local laws, and oversee construction projects.


Primary Duties: Pilots operate aircraft to transport people and goods. They ensure the safety of passengers, crew, and cargo on board.

Software Engineer

Primary Duties: Software engineers create tools, applications, and digital solutions. They write code, diagnose errors, and improve virtual solutions to meet business objectives.


Primary Duties: Mathematicians apply mathematical principles in architecture, computer graphics, and business processes. They may also develop theorems and advance academic studies in mathematics.

Data Scientist

Primary Duties: Data scientists use numbers and algorithms to study and analyze data. They create models for forecasting, predicting, classifying, and clustering data to help businesses make informed decisions.

Machine Learning Engineer

Primary Duties: Machine learning engineers build artificial intelligence systems to automate predictive models. They analyze data sets and create models to optimize their execution.

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Sunanda Rao